Analysts seem to agree that the stars are aligning for Big Data. Nearly every end-of-year list of predictions for the direction of IT in 2012 includes Big Data.James Kobielus, Forrester analyst, wrote on his blog that “Big data was inescapable in 2011. Without a doubt, it was the paramount banner story in data management, advanced analytics, and business intelligence (BI). The hype has been relentless, but it’s been driven by substantial innovations on many fronts.”In presentations both Gartner Vice President David Cearley and Gartner analyst David Cappucio identified Big Data as one of the top 10 strategic trends for IT in 2012.Information Management magazine reports general agreement among analysts like Thomas Davenport. The article reports that “Big data analytics will top all other areas of growth in analytics during 2012 due to the rapid expansion of social, mobile, location and transaction-based data taken in by various industries, according to predictions from the International Institute for Analytics.”Ken Vander Wal, CISA, CPA, international president of ISACA said that “Big Data is going to evolve out of its ‘shiny new object’ status in 2012. IT leaders will need to figure out how to coax order out of the chaos from all those zeroes and ones, as well as optimize ROI and manage data privacy.”Patti Prarie, CEO of Brighter Planet, wrote on the Huffington Post said that Big Data Analytics will be a hot trend in 2012, explaining that “As the volume of enterprise data sky-rockets, an industry is growing up around using this flood of information to help companies operate more efficiently and sustainably. Companies increasingly will be deploying sophisticated software as a key component of their sustainability strategy.”Hot technologies attract money and interest from venture capitalists. It’s no different now with what’s happening in the area of Big Data.In December, in an article on IT investment areas for 2012, writer Clint Boulton identified Big Data as a “market too that is ripe for investment and acquisition.”The New York Times reports Peter Goldmacher, an analyst and managing director at Cowen & Company as saying that “Venture capital is absolutely foaming at the mouth over big data. The volume of data being created now is not 10 times bigger, it is like a thousand times bigger.”Paul Sloan executive editor at C|Net writes that “Big data was a big term in 2011 and, as fuzzy as it sounds, it represents a monstrous opportunity for companies beyond the likes of Google, Facebook, Amazon, and LinkedIn. Anyone using an app-loaded smartphone is generating data that can be mined and made useful.”Financial analysts identify IBM as a strong player because of their trove of Big Data technologies. Online investment site seekingalpha writes that IBM “is at the center of the big data trend and is going to capitalize on the information revolution better than anyone… Big data is a high margin business.” IBM has a big stake in Big Data, but more likely, startups are where most of the new Big Data action will happen.Accel Partners have set up a $100 million venture fund for investments called the Big Data fund. The Wall Street Journal reports that the fund “will focus on infrastructure, storage, security and enterprise applications, all the way up to business intelligence, mobile apps, financial trading apps and more.”Mu Sigma, foe example, an Indian big data, analytics and decision support services for global enterprise customers company, secured a $108 million investment round led by General Atlantic.Other examples of startups starting to receive money include PlaceIQ and GridGain.The Wall Street Journal reports that PlaceIQ, a stealthy geolocation and big data company that tracks where smartphone users are and what they might be doing, raised $4.2 million in venture funds. In December, startup GridGain, a company specializing in high performance cloud computing and real time big data processing received a $2.5 million Series A round of financing led by RTP Ventures.The trend of Big Data investments is likely to pick up later in the year.
Posted on 21st August 2019Web Design FacebookshareTwittertweetGoogle+share Outsourcing to software vendors (Large preview)Certainly, we should treat colleagues and vendors with respect and make reasonable requests. That doesn’t mean, however, that it’s necessary to surrender all leverage as happened during my tenure at a large finance firm.While working at this firm as a UX designer, I frequently encountered this dynamic:Manager: “Hey, Eric can you evaluate this claims software that we’re planning to buy? We just want to make sure it works as intended.”Me: “Sure, I’ll send you my preliminary findings by the end of the week.”Manager: “Great”The following week:Manager: “Thanks for the review. I see that you found three serious issues: Hard to find the number for an existing claim, screens with too much text that are hard to read, and the difficulty of returning to a previous screen when processing a new claim. That is concerning. Do you think those issues will hinder productivity?”Me: “Yes, I think these issues will increase stress and processing time in the Claims Center. I’m quite concerned because my previous work with Janet’s team demonstrated that the Claims Center reps are already highly stressed.”Manager: “Really good to know. I just sent the check. I’ll ask the vendor to fix the problems before they ship.”Me (screaming inside): “Noooooooooooooo!”This well-intentioned manager did precisely the wrong thing. He asked for changes after sending the check. No surprise that the vendor never made the requested changes. Why would they? They had their money.Not only did this scenario play out repeatedly at that company, but I’ve witnessed it throughout my UX career.SolutionThe solution is clear. If the vendor product does not meet customer and business needs, and the changes you request are within scope, don’t pay until the vendor makes the changes. It really is that simple.ConclusionIn this piece, we’ve identified four common barriers to quality design and corresponding solutions:Complex regulations and standardsThe solution is to acknowledge and address complexity by devising realistic timelines and sufficient budget for research and iterative design.Shipping software with bugs with a promise to fix them laterThe solution is to avoid next-release syndrome and address serious problems now. Persuade decision-makers by re-defining the meaning of value within your organization.Insufficient time for design iterationsThe solution is to include design spikes in the agile development process. These bubbles of time temporarily take the place of a sprint and allow designers to focus on complex UX issues.Relying too heavily on vendorsThe solution is to retain leverage by withholding final payment until the vendor makes requested changes as long as these changes are within the original project scope.The fourth solution is straightforward. While the first three are not easy, they are concrete because they can be applied directly to existing design processes. Their implementation does not require a massive reorganization or millions of dollars. It simply requires commitment to delivering a better experience. (ah, il)From our sponsors: Bringing A Better Design Process To Your Organization The EMR systems are clunky, inflexible, and hard to customize. Ugent, for instance, cannot embed photos directly into his chart notes. Instead, he must open the folder with the photo of the mole and then open a different folder to see the text. This setup is particularly cumbersome for dermatologists who rely heavily on photos when treating patients.Ugent succinctly summarizes the problem with EMRs:“The people who design it [the EMR system] don’t understand my workflow. If they did, they would design a different system.”Doctors are not alone in their frustration with clunky software. Consumers and professionals around the world make similar complaints:“Why can’t I find what I need?”“Why do they make it so hard?”“Why do I have to create a login when I simply want to buy this product. I’m giving them money. Isn’t that enough?”A major contributor to clunky software is flawed design processes. In this article, we’ll outline four design process problems and explain how to address them.ComplexityNext-Release SyndromeInsufficient Time For Design IterationsSurrendering Control To Outside Vendors1. ComplexityScale, multiple stakeholders, and the need for sophisticated code are among the many factors contributing to the complexity of large software projects.Sometimes overlooked, however, are complex laws and regulations. For example, insurance is heavily regulated at the state level, adding a layer of complexity for insurance companies operating in multiple states. Banks and credit unions are subject to regulation while utilities must comply with state and federal environmental laws.Healthcare products and software subject to FDA regulations offer an even greater challenge. The problem isn’t that the regulations are unreasonable. Safety is paramount. The issues are time, budget, and the planning necessary to meet FDA requirements.As Jeff Horvath, Ph.D., a UX consultant with extensive experience in healthcare, explains: “These requirements add a couple of orders of magnitude to the rigor for writing test protocols, test setup, data gathering, analysis, quality controls, and getting approval to conduct the research in the first place.” For example, a single round of usability testing jumps from six weeks (a reasonable time frame for a standard usability test) to six months. And that’s with a single round of usability testing. Often, two or more rounds of testing are necessary.This level of rigor is a wakeup call for companies new to working with the FDA. More than once, Horvath has faced tough conversations with clients who were unprepared for the extended timelines and additional budget necessary to meet FDA requirements. It’s hard, but necessary. “It pays to be thorough,” says Horvath. In 2018 the FDA approved a mere 11% of pre-market submissions.The demands on researchers, designers, and developers are higher for healthcare software requiring FDA compliance than for traditional software products. For example:A UX researcher can only conduct one or two usability test sessions per day as opposed to the more common five to six sessions per day for standard software.UX designers must remain hyper-attentive to every aspect of the user’s interaction with software. Even one confusing interaction could cause a clinician to make an error that could jeopardize a patient’s health. For the same reason, UI designers must draw interfaces that remain faithful to every interaction.A longer time frame for design and usability testing means that the developer’s coding efforts must be planned carefully. Skilled and well-intentioned developers are often eager to modify the code as soon as new information becomes available. While this approach can work in organizations well practiced in rapid iteration, it carries risk when designing and coding complex systems.Failure to manage complexity can have fatal consequences as happened when Danielle McCray was admitted to Tallahassee Memorial Hospital as she was about to give birth. To ease her discomfort, healthcare workers connected her to a patient-controlled analgesia machine, a programmable infusion pump.Eight hours later McCray was pronounced dead from a morphine overdose. A major factor in this tragedy was the flawed design of the infusion pump used to administer medication. The pump required 27 programming steps. Failure to address such complexity by designing a more intuitive user interface contributed to unnecessary death.SolutionThe solution is to acknowledge and address complexity This point sounds logical. Yet, as explained above, complicated FDA regulations often surprise company leaders. Denial doesn’t work. Failing to plan means your organization will likely fall into the 89% of pre-market submissions the FDA rejected in 2018.When conducting usability tests, user experience researchers must take three steps to manage the complexity associated with FDA regulations:The moderator (the person who runs the usability test) must be hyper-attentive. For example, if an MRI scan requires a technician to follow a strict sequence of steps while using the associated software, the moderator must observe carefully to determine if the participant follows the instructions to the letter. If not, the task is rated as a failure meaning that both the interface design and associated documentation will require modification;The moderator must also track close calls. For example, a participant might initially perform the steps out of order, discover the mistake, and recover by following the proper sequence. The FDA considers this a near miss, and the moderator must report it as such;The moderator must also assess the participant’s knowledge. Does she believe that she has followed the proper sequence? Is this belief accurate?2. Next-Release SyndromeOne factor in the failure to acknowledge complexity is a fix-it-later mindset we call next-release syndrome. Software bugs are not a problem because “we’ll fix that in the next release.” The emphasis on speed over quality and safety makes it all too easy to postpone solving the hard problems.Anyone involved in product design and development must tackle next-release syndrome. Two examples make the point:We discovered serious design flaws with a client’s healthcare tracking software. The company chose to release the software without addressing these problems. Not surprisingly, customers were unhappy.We conducted usability tests for a large credit union based in the U.S. The participants were seasoned financial advisers. Testing revealed serious design flaws including confusing status icons, buttons with an unclear purpose, and a nearly hidden link that prevented participants from displaying important data. Remember, if the user doesn’t see it, it’s not there. When we reported the findings, the response was: “We’ll fix that in the next release.” As expected, the web application was not well received. Responses from users included: “Why did you ask us to review the app if you had no intention of making changes?”Solution: Reject The Fix-It-Next-Time MentalityThe solution is to address serious design problems now. Sounds straightforward. But, how do you convince decision-makers to change the entrenched “fix-it-later” mindset?The key is to shift the conversation about achievement away from product delivery toward the value created. For example, teams that take the time to revise a design based on user research are likely to see better customer reactions and, over time, increased customer loyalty.Strengthen the case by using quantitative data to show decision-makers the direct connection between user research and increased revenue and a positive customer experience. HomeWeb DesignBringing A Better Design Process To Your Organization Related postsInclusive Components: Book Reviews And Accessibility Resources13th December 2019Should Your Portfolio Site Be A PWA?12th December 2019Building A CSS Layout: Live Stream With Rachel Andrew10th December 2019Struggling To Get A Handle On Traffic Surges10th December 2019How To Design Profitable Sales Funnels On Mobile6th December 2019How To Build A Real-Time Multiplayer Virtual Reality Game (Part 2)5th December 2019 Use data to connect research and design improvements to specific business goals (Large preview)Re-defining value is, in effect, a process improvement because it establishes a new set of priorities that better serve customers and your company’s long-term interests. As McKinsey reports in The Business Value of Design: “Top-quartile companies embrace the full user experience; they break down internal barriers among physical, digital, and service design.”3. Insufficient Time For Design IterationsRelated to the next-release syndrome is insufficient time to iterate the design based on research findings or changing business requirements. “We don’t have time for that,” is the common refrain from developers and product owners. Designers working in Agile environments are frequently pressured to avoid “holding up” the development team.Development speeds along, and the software is released. We’ve all seen the results from confusing phone apps, to clunky medical records software, to the cumbersome user interface for financial advisers referenced above.Solution: Design SpikesOne solution comes from the coding world. In his article “Fitting Big-Picture UX Into Agile Development”, Damon Dimmick offers the idea of design spikes, “bubbles of time that allow designers to focus on complex UX issues.” They fit into the Scrum framework by temporarily taking the place of a regular sprint. Design iteration (Large preview)Design spikes offer several advantages:They allow UX teams to focus on holistic issues and avoid getting bogged down in granular design issues that are sometimes emphasized within a single sprint;They offer the opportunity to explore complex UX questions from a high level. If needed, the UX design team can also engage in design-centric thinking at any point in order to solve larger UX challenges;By adopting design spikes, UX teams can leverage the same flexibility that development teams use in the agile process and devote the time needed to focus on design issues that don’t always fit well into a standard scrum sprint;Development unlikely to be affected by design decisions can proceed.Naturally, design iterations often affect certain parts of the code for a site, app, or software product. For this reason, during design spikes any code that will likely be affected by the design spike cannot move forward. But, as Dimmick clearly states, this “delay” will likely save time by avoiding re-work. It simply does not make sense to write code now and then re-write it a few weeks later after the team has agreed on a revised design. In short, postponing some coding actually saves time and budget.4. Relying Too Heavily On VendorsAddressing complexity, resisting next-release syndrome, and allowing time for iteration are essential to an effective design process. For many firms, another consideration is their relationship with software vendors. These vendors play an important, even critical, role in development. Yet, granting them too much leverage makes it difficult to control your own product. Bringing A Better Design Process To Your OrganizationYou are here: Bringing A Better Design Process To Your Organization Bringing A Better Design Process To Your Organization Eric Olive 2019-08-21T13:30:59+02:00 2019-08-21T12:36:12+00:00As user experience (UX) designers and researchers, the most common complaint we hear from users is:“Why don’t they think about what I need?”In fact, many organizations have teams dedicated to delivering what users and customers need. More and more software developers are eager to work with UX designers in order to code interfaces that customers will use and understand. The problem is that complex software projects can easily become bogged down in competing priorities and confusion about what to do next.The result is poor design that impedes productivity. For example, efficiency in healthcare is hampered by electronic medical records (EMRs). Complaints about these software systems are legion. Dr. Steven Ugent, a Boston-based dermatologist and Yale Medical School alumnus, is no exception.Since 2010, Dr. Ugent has used two EMR systems: Before 2010, he finished work promptly at 5:15 every day. Since he and his colleagues started using EMRs, he typically works an extra half hour to 1.5 hours in the evening. “I don’t know any doctor who is happy with their medical records system. The crazy thing is that I was much more efficient when I was using pen and paper.”
WILMINGTON, MA — Wilmington Apple is asking weekly questions to the seven candidates running in contested primaries for the Wilmington/Tewksbury State Representative seat (19th Middlesex).Below, in her own words, are the responses to this week’s questions from candidate Judy O’Connell (D-Wilmington).#15) What you will do at the State House to ensure that our local police and fire departments have what they need to adequately protect us? Do you support a fire substation in North Wilmington? Did you/do you support the construction of the new center fire station in Tewksbury that was approved last year?I have and continue to be supportive of our local police and fire departments. As a taxpayer and prior member of the Wilmington Board of Selectmen, I have supported collective bargaining contracts, capital improvement expenditures and training for both departments throughout the years. As a future State Representative, I will continue to support the public safety officials of the 19th Middlesex District in any manner possible through state funding and programs that will ensure at the end of their shifts our public safety officials have the greatest chance of going home to their families safely. It has been an absolute travesty regarding the increase in police officers being shot and injured and in some cases killed. I would support state legislation that is focused on protecting the men and women who serve and protect us every day in our communities. For both police and fire, I would be open and supportive of state training initiatives that focus on the training, health and welfare of our public safety officials.Regarding the North Wilmington substation, I truly believe one is necessary more now than ever. The growth and development in Wilmington continues and there is a definite need in the north side of town especially with the train tracks near Elia’s and off of Salem Street. I fully recognize this substation will come with some upfront costs relative to the build and an increase in staffing, capital equipment, potential overtime costs, etc. However, I think this substation is vital and frankly long overdue. As a State Representative, I will be open and supportive of a project such as this assuming it is well planned out with fiscal responsibility and present and future needs in mind. As a State Representative, I would also be committed to seeking any available state funding sources to assist with this project.Additionally, I would support a new center fire station in Tewksbury that was approved last year. The people of the community have spoken and this project is coming forward because there is a need. Once again, I am very receptive and supportive of doing what is necessary for our 19th Middlesex District public safety. If this is a need and the current infrastructure will not be sustainable for the foreseeable future, I believe it makes sense to consider construction now as construction costs, financing options, etc. continue to be on the rise. Therefore, the project you don’t do today will definitely cost you more tomorrow. In closing, I will say that the police and fire departments of both communities within the 19th Middlesex District are the life line for all of us to turn to in a time of need. These fine men and women deserve our respect and our attention in ensuring they all have what they need to do their jobs to ensure our continued public safety as well as their own.#16) The Vietnam War Moving Wall recently visited Wilmington. It was a sobering reminder of what the men and women in our armed forces are willing to sacrifice to preserve our freedom. What will you do at the State House to support our local veterans and veterans statewide? What, if anything, have you done as a private citizen and/or locally elected official that shows a commitment to veterans? Do you personally have any family that serves/served?As a patriotic person and as a prior Selectman for the Town of Wilmington, I have always been supportive of our Veterans. As you have stated, these men and women in our armed forces have and continue to be willing to sacrifice to preserve our freedom. These people are the true heroes among us and they deserve to be respected and cared for in the most appropriate manners possible.As a State Representative, I will continue to support the Veterans’ programs throughout the state from VA services, to state hospital services, to Veterans’ housing initiatives, to social and emotional programs and funding and the list goes on. The needs for our Veterans is ever changing and spans across many subject areas. These brave men and women are often called upon to “unplug” from their current lives inclusive of their family and friends and go to foreign lands to serve and protect the American freedoms so many of us enjoy. It’s important as a society and for the next State Representative for the 19th Middlesex District to be cognizant of these facts and help these community heroes integrate back into their daily routine upon their return right here at home. This is not always an easy process as there are often health care needs and costs, mental health needs, etc. that our Veterans need help with as part of this re-integration and it’s imperative that local cities and towns and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts continue to provide assistance across all these matters. The incidence of PTSD and suicide among Veterans is continuing to drastically rise and as a state and within our local communities we need to continue our care and concerns for these most deserving people who truly need our help. I am committed to this personally and as a future State Representative for many reasons and simply stated because it’s the right thing to do!As a prior elected official for some time I have always supported any Veterans’ related matter that came before the Board of Selectmen such as discussions about a Veteran’s related event and the list goes on. I can say that all of my colleagues on the Board of Selectmen have and continue to support our Veterans and the Veterans’ Services provided by Lou Cimaglia and his team in Wilmington. As a private citizen, I have attended fundraisers for Veterans, I have supported the Disabled Veterans and I have provided transportation for a friend and family to the various VA facilities when called upon. I have also been a supporter of the Wilmington Local Heroes and iPods for Wounded Veterans as I proudly wear my red, white and blue bracelet that was made for me and purchased at the Wilmington Senior Center a few months ago. Also, I was happy to volunteer for the Vietnam War Moving Wall that was just here last week. I attended multiple nights of ceremonies and I was truly moved by the whole experience. As Lou Cimaglia said it best, “the attendance during the time the wall was here shows that Wilmington doesn’t forget and will never forget our Veterans and more specifically our Vietnam Veterans.”Regarding family members who have served in the military, I have many who have served and also have been residents of the 19th Middlesex District. I am so proud of their service to our country and they will forever have my respect and admiration for wearing a military uniform. My great grandparents, grandparents, cousins and brother have all served in the armed forces. Also, I have step parents and in-laws who have also served in the military. My father-in-law from Tewksbury was a soldier and part of the 1st Cavalry Division in Vietnam who I respect tremendously as a human being, a family man, a friend and for his service to our country. He is also my personal historian who shared the facts about this war and history in general which I have so much appreciated throughout the years. In closing, I want to once again express my unwavering support for our Veterans and my commitment to advocating for as much funding, benefits and support as possible for the brave men and women of our armed forces both past and present who serve our country.(NOTE: Do you have a question for the candidates? Email email@example.com and it may be asked in a future Q&A or in a debate.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email firstname.lastname@example.org.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedSTATE REP RACE: Judy O’Connell Addresses Allegations Of Federal Tax Liens On Her HomeIn “Government”STATE REP RACE Q&A: Judy O’Connell Discusses State Rep Pay, Environmental IssuesIn “Government”STATE REP RACE Q&A: Pina Prinzivalli Discusses What She’ll Do To Support Police, Fire & Veterans If ElectedIn “Government”
PM Sheikh Hasina speaks in parliament on Wednesday. Photo: PIDParliament on Wednesday unanimously adopted a resolution to take proper legal steps against the declaration of the 16th constitutional amendment as ‘ultra vires’ and cancelling unconstitutional, objectionable and irrelevant observations of the chief justice in the Appellate Division verdict.Jasod lawmaker Moin Uddin Khan Badal placed the resolution in the House under the provision 147 (1) of the Rules of Procedure around 6:00pm when speaker Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury was in the chair.The resolution was adopted by a voice vote following a marathon general discussion over it, which lasted for more than five hours.The resolution reads, “Appropriate legal steps should be taken for cancelling the declaration of the 16th constitution amendment as ‘ultra vires’ and scrapping unconstitutional, objectionable and irrelevant observations of the chief justice over Parliament and other important issues in the verdict of the 16th amendment case.”Joining the discussion, MPs across the board harshly criticised chief justice Surendra Kumar Sinha for his various remarks in the Supreme Court verdict that upheld the High Court judgment declaring ‘ultra vires’ the 16th amendment to the constitution – that is, in violation of it.Participating in the discussion, prime minister Sheikh Hasina said the judgment was full of contradictions which is not acceptable.”There are so many contradictions even self-contradictions in this judgment. This is not acceptable to us. Who wrote this judgment from where?” she said.The prime minister also said that the constitution did not provide the apex court with the authority to amend the constitution.She said the CJ’s remarks regarding Bangabadhu are similar with that of anti-liberation people. “He (CJ) dishonoured the role of father of the nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.”Sheikh Hasina said three organs of the country are complementary to each other. None shall undermine another. Everyone should run following the laws. Everybody should have accountability, she added.About the Supreme Judicial Council formulated during the martial law she said this whole judiciary has been put under his sole authority with the introduction of the council. “If the CJ becomes angry with anyone, he can remove him from his post,” she added.The prime minister said the CJ also undermined the president in this verdict.Noting that the CJ claimed the Supreme Judicial Council became aligned with the basic structures of the constitution, Sheikh Hasina questioned the motive of such claim.”This verdict did not get any acceptability from anyone of the country,” she said adding that only BNP became cheerful without going through the whole text of the verdict properly as the supreme judicial council was restored.Law minister Anisul Huq categorically said this judgment will not go without final legal challenge. “We’ve already start working in this regard.”He said the judgment was not delivered based on logics rather it was emotional and came out of hatred. “The verdict tarnished image of not only the judiciary, but also the whole country.”Commerce minister Tofail Ahmed said the chief justice termed MPs ‘immature’ in the verdict. “The justices appointed by the president, who is elected by us (MPs), are mature, but we are immature!” he said.He said the CJ tried to make BNP cheerful through this judgment in a time when the country was marching forward under the leadership of the Prime Minister.Noting that the CJ asked the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) not to conduct investigation against a judge, Tofail said, “The ACC can investigate graft charges of you (PM), me and all, but not justices. What a surprise!”Talking about the Supreme Judiciary Council introduced in 1977, the AL leader said The Council did not investigate charge even against a single justice in the last 40 years.Liberation war affairs minister AKM Mozzamel Huq said there are many corruption allegations against the incumbent chief justice and now the people fear whether they will get justice in graft allegations against the chief justice if he will remain in the post.It is not possible to get justice over the corrupt charges keeping SK Sinha in the post. So, it is essential to investigate the graft charges relieving him from the post, he said.Noting that the chief justice made many unnecessary and irrelevant remarks over Bangabandhu in the verdict the minister said, “It is natural that he does not know about Bangabandhu as he is self-declared peace committee member.”AL MP Sheikh Fazlul Karim Selim said the sedition charge can be brought against the chief justice for violating several articles including 27, 94 and 116 of the constitution.”You broke your oath. The chief justice, you worked against parliament, people, MPs and the constitution. You [CJ] are hatching conspiracy against the country. So, you can be brought to the book on sedition charge.””It is you [CJ] who will have to cancel the judgment that delivered by yourself against the state and the constitution. If you don’t cancel it, please wait for what steps to be taken,” he warned.Selim urged the chief justice to seek apology to the nation confessing mistakes. “Admit that I [CJ] did mistake and say that I myself am correcting it. I’ll not do such mistake anymore… If you do exaggeration, please be prepared. You are not mightier than this parliament,” the AL MP said.Jatiya Party MP Fakhrul Imam said the president, the prime minister, ministers and justices take oath to protect the constitution, but there is no word ‘to protect the constitution’ in oath content for MPs as the lawmakers are creators of the constitution.In the resolution, Badal said chief justice Surendra Kumar Sinha termed Members of Parliament ‘immature’ alongside making unnecessary and unwanted remarks regarding many irrelevant issues in his observation in the verdict of the 16th amendment case. So, huge discussions and remours continue over it, which is not expected for the whole nation, he added.”This parliament wants end of the situation following massive discussion so that efforts of any evil and anti-people force to catch fish in trouble water would be thwarted,” he said.On 17 September 2014, the Jatiya Sangsad passed the 16th amendment to the constitution empowering parliament to remove justices of the Supreme Court on ground of incapacity and misbehaviour.On 3 July 2017, the Appellate Division passed down the verdict upholding the judgment of the High Court. And the full-text of the verdict was released on 1 August last.
00:00 /00:49 Listen Houston-area auto dealers sold 28,399 vehicles in August. That’s an increase of 28.2 percent from July, but a drop of 7.2 percent from August 2015.Consumer confidence jumped nationwide last month. That showed up locally, with men and women spending more on big-ticket items.“I believe that the aggressive factory incentives and pretty strong dealer discounts that have been in place now, I think they’re having an effect as well,” says Steve McDowell, president of InfoNation and publisher of TexAuto Facts. “And of course we’re getting to the end of the model year, which means they push pretty hard to clear out the previous year’s models.”SUVs and pick-up trucks sold briskly, thanks in large part to low gasoline prices. By contrast, auto sales continued to fall.Nationally, new vehicle sales hit 1,511,000 units in August. That’s down 0.7 percent from July and 3.5 percent from a year ago. Share X To embed this piece of audio in your site, please use this code:
Enrollment in special education programs is surging in Texas after a policy that directed school districts to limit such services was removed. More than 477,000 students received special education services in the 2016-17 school year, the Houston Chronicle reports. That’s an increase of about 14,000 students from the previous school year.Almost 9 percent of Texas students use special education resources, according to data from Texas’ Public Education Information Management System. For reference, about 13 percent of students received special education services nationwide in 2016, according to The Associated Press.The Texas Education Agency enacted a policy in 2004 to limit special education services to no more than 8.5 percent of students. The agency removed that policy last year after the Chronicle’s investigation found that thousands of students with disabilities didn’t have access to services.Texas passed legislation in the spring that prohibits the creation of a target number of students who can enroll in special education. Share
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further (PhysOrg.com) — Scientists have been studying how krill form into superswarms, which are among the largest gatherings of living creatures on Earth. Krill swarm. Photographer: Jamie Hall. Image source: NOAA. via Wikimedia Commons. Antarctic krill provide carbon sink in Southern Ocean Citation: Krill ‘superswarm’ formation investigated (2009, October 13) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-10-krill-superswarm-formation.html Juvenile krill (small crustaceans resembling shrimps) gather in their trillions in the Southern Oceans to form superswarms. In the Antarctic, for example, one species of krill (Euphausia superb) forms superswarms that stretch for tens of kilometers. Until recently, no one has understood why or how they do it. So scientists with the British Antarctic Survey (BAS), led by Cambridge (UK) researcher Dr Geraint Tarling, decided to try and find out. The team used echo-sounding equipment to study over 4500 different swarms of krill in the Scotia Sea, a massive area that lies between South Georgia Island and the Antarctic Peninsula. The report, published in the journal Deep Sea Research I, described how the research team discovered there are two types of swarm: small swarms composed of adult krill, and large swarms composed of juveniles. The small swarms may be only around 50 meters long and four meters deep, and are not densely packed (about 10 krill per cubic meter). The large swarms are the “superswarms”, which can stretch for many kilometers and are about 30 meters deep. The superswarms are much denser, with up to 10 times more individual krill per cubic meter.This was the opposite of the result expected by Dr Tarling and his team, who thought the small swarms would be dense and the superswarms more diffuse. Dr Tarling said he was astonished at the density of the superswarms and the concentration into a small area of such a massive amount of biomass.The BAS team also discovered that the large swarms tended to form when there was less food available, but the reasons for the formations of superswarms were unclear. Dr Tarling said a likely explanation is that a large swarm gives an individual protection from predators such as seals and whales, and a large swarm can confuse predators. It can also be more energy efficient, which could help juveniles grow more quickly.The trade-off in forming large swarms is much greater competition for food, and this could explain why adult krill form less densely packed swarms, since they are more negatively buoyant than juveniles, and have to expend more energy in swimming. They need more food than the juveniles, and benefit from less competition.Another finding of the research that was opposite to the expectation was that superswarms are more likely to occur at night. It was previously believed this would be less likely, since krill feed at night.The habit of forming superswarms containing trillions of juveniles means that most of the young krill in the Antarctic Ocean are likely to be in just a few superswarms. This means krill may be much more susceptible to overfishing than thought previously since fishing fleets can locate and catch entire swarms. In doing so, they may be wiping out most of the krill in the Southern Oceans, and hence endangering everything else in the food chain that depends on them.More information: Variability and predictability of Antarctic krill swarm structure, Geraint A. Tarling et al., Volume 56, Issue 11, November 2009, Pages 1994-2012, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2009.07.004© 2009 PhysOrg.com