The Toolsiest Player of Them All

1.2 2.6 2.1 1.5 If you’re a baseball fan, you’ve heard a scout, general manager or talk-radio yakker call somebody a “five-tool player.” The label promises that a player can do nearly everything — hit for average, hit for power, run, throw and field — better than most. While the tools don’t capture everything about being a good player, the more tools a player possesses, the thinking goes, the more well-rounded his skill set.But in a modern baseball age, the five-tool worldview can seem outdated, and scouting lingo and its 20-80 grading scales for player tools anachronistic. Now that we have a more precise understanding of what makes a baseball player valuable, we know, for example, that it’s more important to be able to hit for power than it is to throw the ball real fast.But after spending a couple of weeks with the data, I found that while certain tools are more valuable than others, estimated toolsiness actually does serve as a leading indicator for sabermetric value. To test this, I selected a representative statistic for each tool. For average, I used projected batting average, blending the ZiPS and Steamer systems. For power, I used projected isolated slugging percentage.1Projections offer a good estimate of a player’s true talent, whereas using historical statistics can leave us vulnerable to issues related to small sample sizes. Also, these numbers were all park-adjusted. For speed, throwing and fielding, I used data from the Fan Scouting Report. For each category, I calculated z-scores, an indicator of distance from the average, for every regular or semi-regular player from 2013. That allowed me to identify the players who were so far above the mean (one standard deviation) in each of the five tools that they can be called baseball’s true five-tool players.Without further ado, they are:Carlos GonzalezTroy TulowitzkiBryce HarperYasiel PuigThere’s no Mike Trout, and there’s no Miguel Cabrera. Just missing inclusion, as well, are Adam Jones and Starling Marte; the former was just shy on fielding, and the latter was just shy on power. Most impressive: Two out of the four players are on the Colorado Rockies.2The Rockies haven’t taken great advantage of this, although it’s worth noting the five tools say nothing about players staying healthy, and both Tulowitzki and Gonzalez have had their share of visits to the disabled list.But if those are MLB’s five-tool players, there’s something to be said for the toolsiest players — the ones who are most above the mean when considering all five tools combined. To measure aggregate toolsiness I just added up all the z-scores in each player’s tool set, and came up with the top 10 below. There’s an unsurprising man atop the list:Mike Trout, 9.1Carlos Gonzalez, 8.5Bryce Harper, 8.5Troy Tulowitzki, 8.3Starling Marte, 7.9Yasiel Puig, 7.8Alex Gordon, 7.6Robinson Cano, 7.3Evan Longoria, 7.2Manny Machado, 7.2While Trout doesn’t count as a five-tool player because of his roughly league-average arm, he’s so good at everything else he makes up for that and then some. He isn’t bad at any one thing, and he’s terrific at several things. See each player’s tool score below: But all tools aren’t created equal. Just adding up a bunch of tool scores assumes that speed is as valuable as slugging which is as valuable as arm strength. We know just from watching the game, though, that this isn’t the case. These days, a player’s value is synonymous with his wins above replacement (WAR) tally.I calculated projected 2014 WAR per 600 plate appearances to balance all the players and estimate their true talent. Unsurprisingly, there is a strong relationship between aggregate toolsiness and projected WAR/600. The correlation coefficient comes out to 0.66, meaning there’s a real relationship there.3An R-value can range only between -1 and 1. It’s evident that the more tools a player has, the more valuable he is.But that correlation is for aggregate toolsiness. Each tool also has its own relationship with WAR, which can tell us how important a given tool is to a player’s value. The table shows the correlation coefficient for each tool against projected WAR/600: Troy Tulowitzki Mike Trout Starling Marte Power 2.1 0.2 2.2 0.8 2.2 1.9 1.4 1.1 Speed 0.1 Power 0.13 1.7 1.5 1.1 2.0 1.5 1.6 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.3 Fielding 0.5 2.2 2.0 0.4 Average Bryce Harper 1.2 2.6 1.1 2.2 Speed 1.0 2.5 Evan Longoria Average 1.6 Robinson Cano Name 1.6 Alex Gordon 0.6 Yasiel Puig Manny Machado 2.2 1.5 1.9 Fielding 1.6 1.5 2.8 2.0 0.53 0.5 Carlos Gonzalez 0.43 2.4 0.53 2.0 Arm 1.3 Arm 2.3 0.9 0.43 0.8 The two most valuable tools are hitting for average and hitting for power, with throwing and fielding close behind. Speed, it appears, is important but not necessary. A player can be successful if he lacks any one tool, but a player who lacks speed is likely to be better than a player who lacks, say, power, if all else was equal.Intuitively, the breakdown makes sense — hitting is the biggest part of the game, for a position player, and while defense is important as well, speed makes only limited contributions to both. A player who only has speed won’t fit anywhere. A player who only has one of the other skills might be able to find a home.Taking a look at projected WAR, you can see how the tools hierarchy manifests. Miguel Cabrera is projected to be one of the best players in baseball this year, but he’s below-average in combined speed, arm and fielding. The same can be said for Joey Votto. Giancarlo Stanton projects well almost entirely because of his power. Yadier Molina and Buster Posey are well below average in speed, but they’re MVP candidates because they can hit while playing an important position.All this makes one wonder more about Billy Hamilton, the young leadoff hitter for the Cincinnati Reds. Hamilton has already broken some base-stealing records, and it’s been said he’s a 90 on the 20-80 scouting scale for foot speed. When it comes to running, there might not be anyone quicker. But Hamilton’s strength is also baseball’s least important tool, and the rest of his skill set is thought to be relatively unimpressive. He doesn’t hit for power, he hasn’t hit for much average, and though he can move around in the outfield, he hasn’t been blessed with a strong arm. Hamilton can make the most of his running, but it’s an open question whether it will allow him to be a quality regular. read more

NEW OWNERSHIP Heavnly Donuts Founders Son Now Running Wilmington Location

first_imgWILMINGTON, MA — Heav’nly Donuts, located at 579 Main Street in Wilmington, is now under new ownership.Dimitrios Saragas, son of the company’s founders Elaine Saragas and George Saragas, recently purchased the donut shop from its previous owner, William Schofield.Saragas received the required Common Victualer License from the Wilmington Board of Selectmen last week, after receiving positive recommendations from the Town’s Board of Health and Building Inspector.“My family started the company 45 years ago and I’ve been carrying it on,” Saragas told the board. “We’re looking to do better [at the Wilmington location], clean things up, and add new food and drink items.”“We started bringing some new pastry items popular at other stores into our Wilmington location over the past week and word is starting to spread,” added Saragas. “The shop just had a great weekend.”Saragas also said the shop will be expanding its hours, pushing its 6pm close time back to 7pm, perhaps even 8pm.“You’re a great donut shop, no question about it,” Selectman Mike McCoy told Saragas.“It’s a great place. Best of luck in town,”  noted Selectman Ed Loud, with similar sentiments echoed by Selectman Jonathan Eaton.“Thank you for choosing Wilmington,” added Selectman Greg Bendel.Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email wilmingtonapple@gmail.com.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedBUSINESS BRIEF: Heav’nly Donuts To Hold Grand Reopening On June 26In “Business”PHOTOS: Heav’nly Donuts Holds Grand Reopening, Founding Family Returns To WilmingtonIn “Photo of the Day”NATIONAL DONUT DAY: Wilmington’s Dunkin’ Donuts & Heav’nly Donuts Offering Free Donut Deal TODAY (June 7)In “Business”last_img read more

Zomato in early talks with Swiggy for merger Report

first_imgZomatoFacebook/ZomatoOnline restaurant search and discovery service firm Zomato is reportedly in early talks with its biggest rival, Swiggy, for a possible merger.According to the Times of India, both the companies might face a tough time to agree on the terms of the transactions and there are possibilities that the merger deal might not fructify.Currently, Zomato is in an advanced level of discussions with Ant Financial – an affiliate company of China’s Alibaba to raise funds. If the deal fructifies, Zomato will raise up to $200 million from the online payment service provider.Earlier, Zomato had received another round of funding from Info Edge, Vy Capital, Sequoia Capital and a Singapore government-owned investment company in 2015.Rival Swiggy, on the other hand, had raised $80 million from a broad-based multinational internet and media company Naspers earlier this year.”Zomato had offered a 1:4 share swap ratio to Swiggy, which isn’t likely to be agreed upon by its shareholders. Swiggy is looking for a $500-million valuation (up from its previous round), while Zomato wants to strike the deal valuing itself at more than $1 billion,” a person close to the matter told the Times of India.Earlier in September, Zomato had said that it will forgo commissions charged to restaurants on food orders as it is generating cash in its core advertising business to fund new initiatives, including food ordering.This move by Zomato came to push hard to catch up with Swiggy which is the largest food ordering platform in India. After a tough time in 2016 when investors like HSBC Securities and Capital Markets (India) Pvt Ltd slashed its valuation by about half to $500 million, the company now seems to limp back to growth. SwiggySwiggy FacebookIn September, the Indian arm of Japanese financial holding company Nomura had said that it is bullish on online food firm Zomato’s growth performance and valued the company at $1.4 billion.Nomura believes that Zomato’s business is globally scalable and expects it to open up its food delivery services beyond the three countries where it currently has a presence.Also, if the merger between the two largest online food ordering companies fructifies, then this will give both the companies an edge to rule the food ordering business in India and will also tap on to the new customers.Above all, Zomato is still fighting for a leadership in the food delivery space that is right now dominated by the startup competitor Swiggy in India.last_img read more

HTML5 spec editor slams Google gangs DRM bid

first_img More information: lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/p … ml/2012Feb/0274.htmldvcs.w3.org/hg/html-media/raw- … encrypted-media.html YouTube expands support for HTML5 (PhysOrg.com) — A draft proposal by Google, Microsoft and Netflix to introduce mechanisms for copy protection on web videos has generated strong opposition and a response that the proposal is “unethical.” Reaction has been strong against the powerful trio’s bid to see HTML5 carry digital rights management (DRM) tools. Explore further Citation: HTML5 spec editor slams Google & gang’s DRM bid (2012, February 25) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-02-html5-spec-editor-slams-google.htmlcenter_img On the opposing side, developers and supporters of open systems argue that the very idea of adding DRM protection to video goes against the spirit of HTML5. “Any technology whose exclusive goal is to stop users from being able to make use of the content they have purchased is, in my opinion, unethical,” said Ian Hickson, HTML specification editor, in an interview with CNET. For Hickson, the Google-Microsoft-Netflix proposal is “just a plug-in platform in disguise.”The plan calls for proprietary plug-ins, called CDMs, or content decryption modules, which is not amenable to the open nature of HTML5, according to opposing arguments.The whole point of HTML5 is to move away from plug-ins; the introduction of such extensions, Hickson argued, would be tantamount to keeping plug-ins around.Specifically, Google, Microsoft and Netflix this week proposed a new web standard, in the form of the Encrypted Media Extensions proposal, and announced it on a W3C mailing list.The draft spells out a framework for bringing forth a system that manages protected content on the web browser. The proposed Encrypted Media Extensions standard would add a new set of API extensions for the HTMLMediaElement. The latter defines specialized properties and JavaScript methods available on HTML audio and video elements. These extensions would introduce DRM capabilities to HTML5-provided video.Whether some form of content protection is even necessary, leave alone ethical, is part of the present debate.Digital rights management permits only authorized video and audio. A solution to unauthorized copying has been seen in browser plug-ins for DRM protection. Hickson said he would rather see copyright law, not proprietary mechanisms, governing the use of video. He said there was no need for technology to protect content; the presence of copyright law was adequate.What next? Since the spec being proposed by the threesome is a draft, tech watchers see no guarantees that what the three propose will become an accepted standard, but at the same time there can be no guarantees that the debate will go south.Pressure to add some kind of DRM to HTML5 video is likely to continue, writes Scott Gilbertson in Webmonkey. “With Hickson very adamantly against it and Mozilla unlikely to support it in its current form, it’s not likely to move beyond the draft stage without some serious revisions.” © 2011 PhysOrg.com This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Corning VP says Gorilla Glass headed for automobiles

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Gorilla Glass is currently estimated to be in use by over a billion and a half devices the world over, and has become a household name. Its strength and resistance to scratching in addition to its very low weight has made it an ideal candidate for touch-screen devices. Corning makes the glass using a propriety chemical process that causes more than the normal number of ions to be introduced into the glass, adding to its strength and reducing the likelihood of cracking. Also, like the glass currently used in automobiles, it’s more likely to crack than shatter when subjected to extreme stress or impact.Evenson told those in attendance at the Summit that using Gorilla Glass in a car would cut down on the weight of the vehicle. Also, engineers could distribute the weight reduction in a way that would slightly alter the car’s center of gravity. Together, he explained, that would help cars with the new window glass gain a few extra miles out of each gallon of fuel. He also noted that because of the unique nature of Gorilla Glass, cars that used it as a replacement for current glass would be much quieter inside the cabin.Evenson also suggested that he expects at least one high-end car maker to begin using Gorilla Glass in at least some of its vehicles as early as next year, though he wouldn’t say which it was. He also briefly spoke about progress being made on a project he called microbiological glass, which he said, would kill bacteria on contact. He followed that by discussing another new product the company is working on called Willow Glass—a bendable type of glass that he said is currently about as thick as a dollar bill. He said its introduction will likely lead to the creation of hundreds of new devices. (Phys.org) —Corning Senior Vice President, Jeffrey Evenson told audience members at this year’s MIT Technology Review’s Mobile Summit, that its Gorilla Glass will very soon be used in automobiles. Currently, Gorilla Glass is used as part of a touch-screen for hand-held devices—from phones to tablet computers. Using the glass in automobiles Evenson said, would allow for better gas mileage and noise suppression. ‘Gorilla Glass’ maker looks beyond smartphones Citation: Corning VP says Gorilla Glass headed for automobiles (2013, June 12) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-06-corning-vp-gorilla-glass-automobiles.htmlcenter_img © 2013 Phys.org Explore further More information: via MIT Tech Reviewlast_img read more